Single cell electroporation in vivo within the intact developing brain.

TitleSingle cell electroporation in vivo within the intact developing brain.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsD Hewapathirane S, Haas K
JournalJ Vis Exp
Date Published2008 Jul 11
KeywordsAnimals, DNA, Electroporation, Fluorescent Dyes, Microscopy, Fluorescence, Multiphoton, Neurons, Xenopus laevis

Single-cell electroporation (SCE) is a specialized technique allowing the delivery of DNA or other macromolecules into individual cells within intact tissue, including in vivo preparations. The distinct advantage of this technique is that experimental manipulations may be performed on individual cells while leaving the surrounding tissue unaltered, thereby distinguishing cell-autonomous effects from those resulting from global treatments. When combined with advanced in vivo imaging techniques, SCE of fluorescent markers permits direct visualization of cellular morphology, cell growth, and intracellular events over timescales ranging from seconds to days. While this technique is used in a variety of in vivo and ex vivo preparations, we have optimized this technique for use in Xenopus laevis tadpoles. In this video article, we detail the procedure for SCE of a fluorescent dye or plasmid DNA into neurons within the intact brain of the albino Xenopus tadpole. We also discuss methods to optimize yield, and show examples of live two-photon fluorescence imaging of neurons fluorescently labeled by SCE.

Alternate JournalJ Vis Exp
PubMed ID19066524
PubMed Central IDPMC2762236